Tobacco Industry Activities

Corporate Sponsorship, Front Groups, and Partnerships to Benefit the Tobacco Industry

Corporate sponsorship, serves as an important marketing tool for tobacco companies. Partnerships with organizations as well as front groups boost the reputation of tobacco industry, creating a positive image aimed at overshadowing tobacco industry harm.

British American Tobacco’s partnership with Earthwatch Europe and it’s implications for public health
(Global Public Health, 2011) 

Global Health Philanthropy and Institutional Relationships: How Should Conflicts of Interest be Addressed? 
(PLoS Med, 2011) 

Electronic cigarette advertising at the point-of-sale: a gap in tobacco control research
(Tobacco Control, 2014)

Ethical Considerations of Accepting Financial Support from the Tobacco Industry
(Larry White, 1991)

Philip Morris’s Health Information Web Site Appears Responsible but Undermines Public Health
(Public Health Nursing, 2008)

The Creation of Industry Front Groups: The Tobacco Industry and “Get Government Off Our Back”
(American Journal of Public Health, 2007)

Tobacco Industry Sociological Programs to Influence Public Beliefs About Smoking
(Social Science & Medicine, 2007)

Tobacco Money and Public Health
(Tobacco Control, 2010)

Uneasy Money: The Instituto Carlos Slim de la Salud, Tobacco Philanthropy and Conflict of Interest in Global Health
(Tobacco Control, 2010) 

Use of Corporate Sponsorship as a Tobacco Marketing Tool: A Review of Tobacco Industry Sponsorship in the USA, 1995-99
(Tobacco Control, 2001) 

Tobacco Industry and Research

The tobacco industry is constantly conducting research to better their brand. The following studies relate to research conducted by big tobacco.

A Delicate Diplomatic Situation
(Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 2010)

The Recession May Increase Potential Conflicts of Interest in Science: A Comment on ‘A Delicate Diplomatic Situation’: Tobacco Industry Efforts to Gain Control of the Framingham Study
(Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 2010) 

“A Delicate Diplomatic Situation”: The Tobacco Industry Efforts to Gain Control of the Framingham Study
(Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 2010) 

Changing Conclusions on Secondhand Smoke in a Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Review Funded by the Tobacco Industry
(American Academy of Pediatrics, 2005)

Cigarette Smoking is a Risk Factor for Alzheimer’s Disease: An Analysis Controlling for Tobacco Industry Affiliation
(Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 2009)

Criteria for Evaluating Tobacco Control Research Funding Programs and Their Application to Models that Include Financial Support From the Tobacco Industry
(Tobacco Control, 2009)

Legislating “Sound Science”: The Role of the Tobacco Industry
(American Journal of Public Health, 2005)

Misleading Conclusions From Altria Researchers About population Health Effects of Dual Use
(Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2011) 

Old Ways, New Means: Tobacco Industry Funding of Academic and Private Sector Scientists Since the Master Settlement Agreement
(Tobacco Control, 2007)

Promoting Transparency in Pharmaceutical Industry-Sponsored Research
(American Journal of Public Health, 2011) 

Tobacco Industry: Smoking isn’t bad for your health*
(The Independent, 2006)

Farming

Tobacco farming requires the application of many pesticides during the course of growing plants to maturity. The practice of growing tobacco can be very unhealthy for farmers, and many tobacco farm workers are subjected to dangerous conditions and green tobacco sickness is common.

The Tobacco Industry and Pesticide Regulations: Case Studies from Tobacco Industry Archives
(Environmental Health Perspectives, 2005) 

Tobacco Companies’ Use of Developing Countries’ Economic Reliance on Tobacco to Lobby Against Global Tobacco Control: The Case of Malawi
(American Journal of Public Health, 2009)

Views on Trying to Change the Tobacco Industry: Health Justice and Marginalization of Tobacco Companies
(Tobacco Control, 2010) 

Product Ingredients

The tobacco industry manipulates ingredients and additives in tobacco products to produce certain flavors in their products. Hundreds of additives and ingredient combinations also contribute to highly refined drug delivery and absorption on nicotine.

Ammonia and Other Chemical Base Tobacco Additives and Cigarette Nicotine Delivery: Issues and Research Needs
(Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2004)

Tobacco Industry Manipulation of Nicotine Dosing
(Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, 2009)

The Tobacco Industry’s Part Role in Weight Control Related to Smoking
(The European Journal of Public Health, 2011) 

Genetics

Evidence suggests that genetic differences in people play a role in variations on tobacco association, use, and cessation.

Miracle Worker
(Times Online, 2006)

The p53 Tumour Supressor Gene and the Tobacco Industry: Research, Debate, and Conflict of Interest
(The Lancet, 2005)  

Policy Influence

The tobacco industry regularly attempts to block, weaken, and/or assert influence over tobacco regulations and policy efforts.

Tobacco Industry Influence on the Definition of Tobacco Related Disorders by the American Psychiatric Association 
(Tobacco Control, 2005) 

Tobacco Industry Successfully Prevented Tobacco Control Legislation in Argentina
(Tobacco Control, 2005) 

Youth Tobacco Prevention and Tobacco Cessation Programs

The tobacco industry has operated tobacco use prevention and cessation programs. These programs are a conflict of interest.  They often undermine meaningful and effective programs for prevention and cessation, and inform tobacco industry research and bolster the reputation of the tobacco industry.

Avoiding “Truth”: Tobacco Industry Promotion of Life Skills Training 
(Society for Adolescent Medicine, 2006)

Tobacco Industry “Youth Smoking Prevention” Programs to Undermine Meaningful Tobacco Control in Latin America
(American Journal of Public Health, 2007)

Tobacco Industry Youth Smoking Prevention Programs: Protecting the Industry and Hurting Tobacco Control
(American Journal of Public Health, 2002) 

Tobacco Industry Marketing Efforts

Tobacco is promoted through many channels including, internet, magazine, newspaper, and other promotional events. These marketing strategies are often significantly targeted toward young people.

Bar and Club Tobacco Promotions in the Alternative Press: Targeting Young Adults
(American Journal of Public Health, 2002)

College Students’ Exposure to Tobacco marketing in Nightclubs and Bars
(Journal of American College Health, 2010) 

Emotions for Sale: Cigarette Advertising and Women’s Psychological Needs
(Tobacco Control, 2005)

Exposure to Pro-Smoking Media in College Students: Does Type of Media Channel Differentially Contribute to Smoking Risk
(Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2013) 

How Effective Are Tobacco Industry Bar and Club Marketing Efforts in Reaching Young Adults
(Tobacco Control, 2005)

How Philip Morris Built Marlboro Into a Global Brand for Young Adults: Implications for International Tobacco Control
(Tobacco Control, 2005)

Noncombustible Tobacco Product Advertising: How Companies Are Selling the New Face of Tobacco
(Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2013)

Smooth Moves: Bar and Nightclub Tobacco Promotions That Target Young Adults
(American Journal of Public Health, 2002) 

Trends in Exposure to Pro-Tobacco Advertisements Over the Internet, in Newspapers/Magazines, and at Retail Stores Among U.S. Middle and High School Students, 2000-2012
(Preventive Medicine, 2013)

Tobacco Industry Manipulation Messages in Anti-Smoking Public Service Announcements: The Effect of Explicitly Versus Implicitly Delivering Messages
(Addictive Behaviors, 2010)

Tobacco on the web: surveillance and characterisation of online tobacco and e-cigarette advertising
(Tobacco Control, 2014)

Using Tobacco-Industry Marketing Research to Design More Effective Tobacco-Control Campaigns
(American Medical Association, 2002)

Why and How the Tobacco Industry Sells Cigarettes to Young Adults: Evidence from Industry Documents
(American Journal of Public Health, 2002)

Young Adults’ Opinions of Philip Morris and its Television Advertising
(Tobacco Control, 2002)

Young Adults: Vulnerable New Targets of Tobacco Marketing
(American Journal of Public Health, 2004)

Targeting Special Populations

It is common for tobacco companies to target their products toward certain groups of people, such as by age, gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, etc.

Tobacco Industry Research on Smoking Cessation
(Journal of General Internal Medicine, 2004) 

Dealing With an Innovative Industry: A Look at Flavored Cigarettes Promoted by Mainstream Brands
(American Journal of Public Health, 2006) 

ARTIST (Asian Regional Tobacco Industry Scientist Team): Philip Morris’ Attempt to Exert a Scientific and Regulatory Agenda on Asia
(Tobacco Control, 2004) 

The Evolution of Tobacco Industry-Sponsored Adult-Only Facilities in California: A Case Study
(California Department of Public Health, 2009) 

Promoting Tobacco Through the International Language of Dance Music: British American Tobacco and the Ministry of Sound
(The European Journal of Public Health, 2010) 

Designing Cigarettes for Women: New Findings from the Tobacco Industry Documents
(Society for the Study of Addiction, 2005) 

Scientific Research and Corporate Influence: Smoking, Mental Illness, and the Tobacco Industry
(Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 2011)